Apple’s MacOS is considered safer than Windows for a long time. I would like to share my thoughts on why its considered safer than windows OS and is it really true in 2022 with Windows 11.
Windows Hacking incidents are more in News
As the windows user base is so large which is almost 8 times more than MacOS user base, the number of security attacks are more. It’s the very same reason attacks are targeted more on Windows compared to MacOS. Also in general Apple gives limited freedom to users in all of its Operating systems.
MacOS has a Unix style protection of the system. Most of the OS is protected and loaded applications could not gain access to the system files and settings. Windows on the other hand allowed applications to have full access to the file system, which gave malware a bit of an easy target.
Can a MacOS get viruses and Malware’s
Yes MacOS is vulnerable to cyber threats just like windows. Even if MacOS is stricter on some privacy aspects and more secure than windows, you can still be a target of phishing scam or other web based attacks. Most human errors make MacOS vulnerable to attacks and hold a risk of installing a malware.
Security Software in MacOS And Windows
Windows OS comes with a pre installed antivirus software called Windows Defender. But MacOS doesn’t specifically have any inbuilt security software. But you can find various free security softwares for MacOS like Malwarebytes. For windows you can get a ton of free antivirus softwares online but Windows defender is good enough for most users.
How Security in OS has improved over the years
Windows has improved a lot on stricter security controls and making Windows 11 a safer operating system than its previous versions. By default, Windows OS enables a lot of data collection settings which can be turned off by the users explicitly. MacOS really takes privacy very seriously and limit most of the cookies and data collections. So in general it’s difficult for web tracking for advertising and data collection cookies in macOS using a Safari Browser.
In the latest MacOS Monterey , Apple has introduced a Mail privacy protection feature. Mail Privacy Protection hides your IP address, so senders can’t link it to your other online activity or find your location. Also it prevents senders from seeing if you’ve opened their email or not. Safari browser by default enables stricter privacy features compared to windows alternatives.
How to Keep MacOS and Windows Secure
As both of these operating systems have various security controls and features, they are still vulnerable to Virus and Malware attacks. You can follow the below steps to keep your system from attacks.
- Keep your operating system and browser software up to date.
- Install a security software for an extra line of defense.
- Get most recent updates for all of your application software.
- Do not click unknown or sketchy website links.
- If system prompts for a software installation approval, ensure it’s a valid action.
Over the years both MacOS and Windows have improved the security standards, it comes down to the user behavior to keep the virus and malware away. However, MacOS has a slight edge over windows due to its stricter privacy and data collections policies.